Individuals that struggle with obesity can undergo a surgical procedure which is known as bariatric surgery. These surgery is an effective treatment to all those that are quite obese as they become resistant to maintaining weight loss therapies such as increasing exercise, commercial weight loss programs and consuming fewer calories. Not only does bariatric surgery help an individual to lose weight but also improve their health quality.
Conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes are obese related and are resolved by bariatric surgery. The anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract is changed by using gastric sleeve, gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding that goes hand in hand with bariatric surgery so as to change the fat metabolism and energy balance.
In order for the weight loss journey to be a success, combination of regular exercise, nutrition and behavior modification are required. The bariatric surgery affects the production of intestinal hormones in a way that reduces hunger and appetite while increasing the feeling of fullness. Weight is maintained when hunger and appetite is reduced and feeling of fullness increased resulting to the reduction for the desire to eat. Bariatric surgery and weight loss programs results to differences in hormonal changes but at different ranges. Following bariatric surgery, weight loss is improved by either enhancing or maintaining energy.
Maintenance or enhancing of energy isn’t expected from those undertaking dietary weight loss as there is no balance. Due to the presence of unbalanced energy, weight gain can be resulted by those per taking dietary weight loss. Bariatric surgery results to massive weight loss as individuals engage in lots of physical activity which reduces insulin hormone and cortisol hormone resulting to production of a number of other factors that reduce the uptake and storage of fat into fat storage deposits. Bariatric surgery contributes to weight loss in two ways and they are restrictions or malabsorption. Calorie intake is limited through limiting the amount of food the stomach holds this achieved through bariatric surgery based on restrictions.
The amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs is reduced through bariatric surgery in the case of malabsorption. The types of weight loss are; laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass and duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion. The procedure that involves laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding requires the use of a band containing inflatable balloon that is placed on the stomach’s upper part.
The band creates a pouch on the stomach leaving a narrow opening on the stomach. Under the skin of the abdomen a port is placed in which a tube is connected to the band removing and injecting fluid. The fluid that is injected or removed through the port, inflates or deflates the balloon while adjusting the size of the band.